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【转发】应对现实挑战,中国制造如何保持竞争力?
信息来源: 发布的时期:2025-03-09 阅读次数:


政协会议全球条件问答题|防范本质对决,国内研制怎么样去坚持能力素质力?——人大会议国内条件问与答之四


shenglingyushiwoguodeneidijingjinenglinenglidejichu。18nianjinyinianlai,geguochanshengyejingjinenglinengliꦫchixushangshengwenzhongqiujin,danduichuxianyichangfuzahuadeguojijinjumian、“guagouduanlian”derongyutaozhan,xiangguanlian“lingyulianqianyi🥂”“woguodeneidishengchanzhuyaoyoushiyibu”dengshoujishengyinyizhi。


5ritiqingyiandezhenzhengfujiguanzuocaozuohui🔯baozhong,“daguimotuiguanggongyehuahuachanyelianwangluo♓tixijianmei,jiakuaisuduchengzhangxinzhifenmianli”bangpai202duonianzhenzhengfujiguanzuocaozuorenwudiyige,jiefangleshulaozhulaoshitidianzijingenjudebijiaoxianmingshujuxinhao。


congbaogaomobanliangmingdexinrenwuxinjuticuoshi,daoyiweilishihui、jiaoshouxuejiadengyinfa🉐deqingkuangtonghuagushihezhiye chanshi,zaidaoyangshijizhezaidaibingrendetanfangshididiaoyan,rangnimenduizhonghuazhizaochudadaoshichangrenzhidu,dadaowenyingfazhanqianjingchanshenglegengjia😼jingzhundetiliangjieshi。


正确看待变革时代,自信心足弹性强


fuzadeburongleguandewaijiedahuanjingxia,zhongguoneidizhizaochuyeqiyedezoushitushenshoumuguang。


“rangwomenkongzhuhuagongyeshuakajirenkongzhuqi、sifudianjixitonghuadengguoneihua,zhengbiankuaihaishangbuyujiaogongsulv,zengqiangguojijinzheng🌟geshichangfenpeiquanlv。”haerbinxinsongshuakajirenzidonghuazichan🦋juxiangongsizongzaizhangjindaibiaoyongzianlifenxifaxian,zaifadadifangdifangfenfenkongjianbujudeshuakajirenlinyu,bazhongyaoxinjishuwolao、wenhuaquanchanyelianzuoquan,“jiusuanleidianjiaojia,yehuiyouxutuijinxiangqianpao”。


tashishangjiaziyoubojishichangshangdexiezhao,yeshiguojiagongzhizaojijiyingduikaoyandezhenshixiezhao。


guolainian ,xianggangguojiquyuhuanjingfenggaoဣlangji。diyuansixiangpinde、lieqiangshichangjiliejingzhengdengtiaozhanfeichangbijiaomingxian,jianzhuangyigeguojiachuangzaoyeliuhui,baxi、xinanyadengdihuasuanxunmengfazhan,shichangjiliejingzhengzongshizhijiejiaju。naxieshizhijiechansheng、bukebixiandexianshicunzai。suiran,changshuaiguonei chuangzao、changshuaiguonei huasuandelundiaoxianghuyingxiangzheiqizhong,shi🍒bixuzuobieyoubianzhengdingxingfenxide。


huiyingtansuo、gongjianzhankenan,woꦅguodechanshengxingyejianshemianji、maoyifangmianjianshemianjijinxingleliangdehelikexingshangsheng,tigaomaichangzhanbidebujukekao。


juxiangguanguojiajiweichengjierenmenzai“zuzhibuzhanglvsetongdao”shangdejieshao,202wunian,guojiaꦫdouqinggongyetishengzhibiaoshisishiwanwanyi,zhangdpde31.7%。ꦺdazaoyeqiyeguimoluxu1lijingsinianjushijielidi1 。


“jindaihuawenhuachanyefazhantizhixiujian🗹zuoweifeichangzhongyaojin﷽du”“yixiezhongdashijianwenhuachanyefazhanxinxihuagongzuozhongchengguoyidadaoguojipinzhikekaoshuizhun”……zhengfuxinggongzuozhonggaibaogaodeyibianxingrong,tuchuchuchaojidaguoshougongzhizaodejiangujiezou。


quedingchanshengleruyindumeitisuochengde“caichanlianyizhuanchao”ma?


bufandui,shouchengbenfeidengyinsufenxiyingxiang,xiexugongzuojizhongxingshangpinxiaoshoudeshenghaiziqianyidaolingwaifazhanguojiaguojiajia。neime,shiyin♔weiguojiaguojiayishencengcineiqiangaoduzuoyonglianzhizefengong,ernengyuhenduodedagongsichechuguojiaguojiayouhuidaojia,huorengxucongguojiaguojiaဣmeiguojinkougengduoqizhongchengpin。


“jibuyipiangaiquan,jiangqitadejiediankanzuozongtixinqushi,yeshijiandaozheizaidangzhongqiyeweilaifazhandeshishiwuguilv,womendajiadeqiyehaizaifazhantishengzijidengjizhongzaizaojingzhengyuhezuoli。”taihexincaishiyechiguyouxianzhidewosifarenxiangzhengzhangsongxiquanxiangzhengyifangzhileiyeshilishuo,zhibuguoqitajingjiagongdejiedianzhuanzou,danzongtiꦇzengjiazhihaizaiti﷽shengziji。2023-5nian,benguogaoxiaoguoxianweimianchanxiaoliangzhanquanzheigeshijiedebizhidayu3fendeyizhong,2023-5nianchukouchanpinetongbitigaotigao14.4%。


quanweijigoudanweibumendongtaishujuxinxixianshi,zhiqianzai500zhongzuizhuyaoqinggongyefuꦆwuzhong,benguo🤡you40%shangmiandefuwuzongchanzhipaidishijieshangdiyidian,yonghuzhesuanji、dianhua、dataiyangnengreshuiqidianbanbandengsanpizhongyaoxingfuwuzongchanzhizhanshijieshangjiubushangmiande。shengchanyeqiyeguimozhanshijieshangbilvyichao30%。


youxiushougong🤡shougongdazaoxingyesuoduanbuduanfazhan,jianggaogaojingjianshougongshougongdazaoxingyelingyulianjinyidianjizhong。44gediquyouxiushougongshougongdazaoxingyequnji、178jiadiqugaoxinkejiquzong𝓡hengxiaoshuoputie,julianyidaqun。2018nian,tuxianlingyuzhinenghuaheibmsbenshidezhuangpeishougongshougongdazaoxingyechukoudaoliang13.4qiwanzhiyirenminbi,“xinsanyang”wupinchukoudaoliangjinjieqianyirenminbi。


“yiwoguodexinqingjienengyuanhuocheshidui,changxingzhongguokaodeshijishu、zhongliang🎐hegaoxiaohuatuijindechanyequnlian。”zhanganzhenhuochedongshihuizhangzhuhuarongdaibiaorenshuo,jiegouleixingshengjizhengchengdeshangchuangzaoyebiedegezuizhongyaojilieli。


“tuogouleduanlian”bodonglegeguozaishijieshidachanyedefazhanlianchang💝jiazhixiaoliandeshilidiweima?zhongguoguojiazaochengjinqiaojieditongjiaoxian——jiasutongjiaoxiannianqingzuoda——


fuyulianxiguochanyedefazhanqunhuaguileizhongdabufenqinggongyeleifen;zaizheixiezhezhongfanweihezhiguanzhongyaopaodaoshangzhuanbianchengmoupicitixianlequanchanyedefazhanqunhualianyingxianglilideyouyuechanyedefazhanqunhua;yifanyuzhuanjingtexin“xiaojuren”gongyeqiyezhu1.2wan,90%yineishizhongguodaluwaidingjidagongyeqiyezhudepeihechu𓂃shoushang。


baomai3(tesla)💖zhongqingfeichangqiye,lingjijianwenhuazhenghehualvchaoyue95%。baomai3(tesla𒁃)zongbuzhizaochangfufuheizongcaicaisonggangshuo,baomai3(tesla)yuhuarenzhizaoshang“tongshenghuying”。


faguohuanyuwangzhixingwencheng“zhongguoxiandaidadazaodeshuwanzhongheꦕxinhufupinbunengchadaotidaipinxiaoshouxinxishang”。zhongguoxiandaidadeguodexiehuimaihuiquqiantuisongde2023/28niandudeqishangyeyunzuojuexintongjipinggubaogaochengxian,wancheng🌠jieshoucaifangjigouguihuazairihouzheiliangnianjiajuzaihuatouzizhe,zhuyaoyuanyinzhongdeyigeshixiaoshouxinxilianchengshude、gaigechuangxinjingshentigao。


“woyouzhewanhaodepinpailianbiaozhuntixi、pangdaqimaodexiaoshoushichangqiyeguimodengyouquedian,kaifayebuduanquwendeꦫjichumianrengjiuwending。”quanqiudian🌳zishebeixinxinpinpailianjinzhanzuanyanyuanyuanchangzhanglidaibiaoyingyushuo,zheijiushiquanqiukaifadeyingqisuoyizaiquyu、jianrensuoyizaiquyu。


积极应对挑战,保持稳定“稳”的控制力


sishoujulishuomingyoushi♊,yaowending“wen”dedinglihainaixin。duiyazhoudiqu⛦lingyulianyingzaolianhuxinghoududiaozheng,daguoyingzaojiangzenmeyangdeyi“wen”yingbianli?


——xianyaokaifaliangwen。“baochiwendinggongyepintiaojianpinghuanqiyong”,xianzhengfuzuoyehuibaoshifangchulewenchengzhangdeshuishouzhengce4gxinhao。


qiyehegerenwang❀luohuabushangzhangjinzhuanglongzai8risanjiadeshisijiequanzhongwoguorenmendasiciyantaohui“shangzhanggong🀅zuozhongqu”shangshuo,2021jiangshencengcizhixingqianshimingyewenchengzhanggongzuozhongshishifangan,biaoyangqiyedaxian、qiyedashi“yongtiaohengliang”。


putongpinpaizaichanshengyebilvchao80%,shihenduohuapinpaizhibiaotixidejidi,yingxiangchengbenzhuangdaheguojiminshengwenti,shishuyuwoguoquebaogeguodiyicichanshengyeqiangguorenzhidudezuijibenpan,bulinengputongpinpaizuowei“didangpinpai”jianjiemingle𝓀jinru。jiancejieguoquelixiliedezhaokaihuiyi,you🔯heyiyidaidongputongpinpaidegongchengjianzhutigaoziji。


jiezhuguoqugaoxinchanyeshejidediaozheng,laogongyepinshifanyuanqufushunpengboxiangshangxinཧshengkaixueji。fushunshishengzhanggaojianbiaoshishuo,zhengdangdazaodeguojiajishiyanshigaozengtianzhiqingxingyuanxiangguancailiaoliaoshifanyuanqu,jihua𝓀xinzhangchu。


——gengzhibiaotixijianshequan,zuodaohaogaoxinchanyezhibiaotixijianshedeshangai。


202sannian,yunnanzhuangzuzizhiquanqubaiseshiqingxingxiandainongyelvchanyedefazhandefazhanzongchanzhidapo1200duoyi,lizubenzhilvtukuangchengbenduoyanghuayoudianhequedian,daozhi🌠conglvchengbendaojingjiagonggongyechulidexiangjinchanyedefazhandefazhanlian。


jiancejieguotichuzhe“tishengzi൩jidongbeihezhongwaibubuweisuochenglanpinpaiyidongbenshi”,bingduipeiyuchutishengzhuanyejiagongyejiqunjishudengtichugoujian。“zheijiangjinsanbulicuzuchengbuweizhengquefengongfuze、duijietishengdepinpaiweizhudegeju。”baiseshishengzhanggeguokedaibiaoshuo,baisezhengquanfangweilicuwoguode—dongmengshiguopinpaijiamengqubaisejingjiqugoujian,gouzaosuochenglanzaizhongguowaipinpaiyidongzhicheng。


——zhongzailianziqiang,zengqiangxuexijiagongyeliangxingshili。


gongyihewentihuabushuo,jiangguojiadalituijinchuangzaoyecezhonglingyulianyouzhihualiangbuduanfazhantongyixingdong。yilianyice,bubuqiduanbanꩵ、duanzhangban、qianghexin,jianruolingyuliangongyingshanglianrourenxinghe𒈔xingyejishuchuangxinnengli。


“jinnianchu,dajiajiangquanmiandechexiaozhizuoyelingyuduiwaitouzifenjiguanlijinzhiyufangcuoshi,yezuozhunbei💜shidianxiankaiguanhulianwangwangshuzhiguanlizhongxindengshengzhiliantongwangluoxiaoshouyewu。”jinzhuanglongshuo。


紧紧抓住机会与挑战,发展前景新质产生力


chuyuxiangzhonggaoxingjiabipapoguokandejuedingxingdaguan,woguodezaochengyaojiasutuijinyangchengxinzhichuchanli。


zhongyangzhengfugangweishangbaotuxianzuochu“jijizhudongqieshifahuidangxiajuguojizhijingzhengyoushi,tuijingaigewanshangexinghuakexuechuangxingongneng”。cong“qianghuazhuangbeijichuzhishishiyanruanjianpingmianbuzhi”dao“zhisuochiꦇnenglidekehulingtouguanjiangongguanxiangmuzhongren”,shangbaozuochuyibiangongzuofangan。


zhongshi,shangpincongdeshengchanyanfadaodeshengchandebijinglicheng。yuanyinzhurujiaogao,bushaodeqiyeyouyuquefazhongshixiaolv。jiaojugai“pingjing”,jiancejieguohenmingque“jiasufeichangdadewangluohexinpeitaosheshimoshihuagouzao,youxutuijin൩dexiangtongxingjishugongyidegongsi、zhongjianyanzhengdegongsijiansheguihua”。


gongyeyingzaohetupianqiyexinxihuabuzaijinnianjiangjian♛chishiyonghaochuangxinkejikaifaguanjianzhuanxiangzhengzhihetuchuqiyechuangxingongzuoguihua,jichujiansheyouyipizuguoyingzaoyeqiyechuangxinzhongxinde,kaifagaochuangxinkejikaifa,zuodaoওliutongyehua,jiakuaisudukaifaxinzhishengchanfangshili。


zhenghexingxinlingyu、sulingyu,fuzhibijiaoduoxinbisaichang。


“genghaodishejiweishengwuzhizuoye、shangyequanhangkonggongye、dikongquyujingjidengtianjiazhangsousuopingtai”“kaichuangliangzifangfa、xingmingkexuejishudengxinpaodao”“chuangzaomoupicizhihoufangchandefazhanxiandaoqu”……qingkuanghuibaozhankaitaolungenghaodiyuzhongxinqilaifangchandefazhanhezhihoufangchandefazhan,judongshi▨、gongzuobushuxi。


“zhuandekuaisufazhanchenshi🦩,qiangzhanji🅠nenggaodishidashisuoqu。”guangzhougaodehongwaizhongxiaoxingqiyegupiaoyouxianzhongxiaoxingqiyezhongxiaoxingqiyedongshijuzhanghuanglishishuo,qunianzhongxiaoxingqiyeyaozaidikongtiaojian、naojimokuaidengfanchoushili。


huagonghexinxi🐓chaxunhuabuzhuguanrenxiechu,jianggengkuaikejiqianyanxingjimuhedexiangtongxingjimutigongji、fuzhiyoushiyulieshigongsiqiye、wanmeifangchanshengtaibaohu。zaiweilaishenghuofangchanfangbian,bahutongrengongfeizidonghua、renxingposjiren、naojijiemiandengchengweixianeibushengjizhongdaguihuadedingwei。siqifabulekejiqianyanxingjimupinpaituiguangliebiao,huanraoshengjizhongdafanweichuangjianappshiyantaichang,gengkuaifangchanfuzhi。


yaozhujiashujiyuqi,xunsu“jiqizhinenghua+”。


dongbeidiqujianhaozhongguogedishichangfanweijiaoda dexinxiweibotongxinhulianwang,suanlvshichangfanweizhongguogediqi🉐er,kuanfanke🎶gumingxindeshuzishigaibianshizaochengyeshengjiedezuiqiangyoulidezhelidianqiyi。


“yi‘shu’mou‘xin’hejia‘shu’xiang‘shi’shichanyehuachuangxinjinzhanfangxiangdebukebimian,yeshidajianjinzhanfangxiangxintediandezhongyao。”zhongxingjigoudianxunzichanyouxianzhidejigougaojigongchengshifu😼jinglicaimiaoweishishuo,yonghaoxinxingchanpinshengchanruanjian,youjuexinlizuyujichulilun、qiangzhuajiyuyutiaozhan、kuaisuzengzhangjinzhanfangxiang。

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